In this paper we propose to combine two clustering approaches, namely fuzzy and possibilistic c-means. While fuzzy c-means algorithm finds suitable clusters for groups of data points, obtained memberships of data, however, encounters a major deficiency caused by misinterpretation of membership values of data points. Therefore, membership values cannot correctly interpret compatibility or degree to which data points belong to clusters. As a result, noisy data will be misinterpreted by incorrect memberships assigned, as sum of memberships of each noisy data to all clusters is constrained to be equal to 1. To overcome this, a possibilistic approach has been proposed which removes this constraint.
In this work, a hierarchical approach has been proposed based on properties of both fuzzy and possibilistic approaches to overcome this deficiency.
Sensitivities of both methods have been studied together with analyzing results obtained by both methods. Superiority of the proposed method as opposed to conventional possibilistic c-means is shown to be conspicuous.
Author:- Mehdi Salkhordeh Haghighi, Hadi Sadoghi Yazdi, AbedinVahedian